October 31st, 2020

‘Two-state solution’ still dead


By Lethbridge Herald Opinon on August 22, 2020.

The deal to open diplomatic ties between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, announced by Israel’s Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem on Thursday, opens no new vistas for a “just peace” between the Israelis and the Arabs. It just repackages the existing reality.

There wasn’t any possibility of an independent Palestinian state in the Israeli-occupied territories before last week, and there still isn’t now. There was only a very small chance that Netanyahu would annex the occupied territories to Israel before the Israeli-UAE deal was announced (although he talked about it a lot), and there’s even less chance of it now.

No real change on the international front either. Israel and the Arab countries are already at peace, with the partial exceptions of Syria and Lebanon, although few people in the region would call it a “just peace.” And the UAE has already been doing business quietly with Israel on everything from trade to defence planning (against Iran) for years.

Egypt and Jordan have had formal diplomatic relations with Israel for decades, and the other Gulf states will soon follow the UAE’s example, perhaps with Saudi Arabia bringing up the rear. The Palestinians, mostly living under Israeli occupation, understandably complain that they are being abandoned by their Arab brothers, but that really happened long ago.

So what actually changed last Thursday? Very little, although Donald Trump naturally tweeted that it was a “HUGE breakthrough” and his son-in-law and senior adviser Jared Kushner promised that the deal would bring “massive change” and “make the Middle East safer.”

Rubbish. The last Arab-Israeli war was 47 years ago, and it’s been decades since either side even had serious plans for one. The only plausible risk of a major cross-border war in the Middle East these days is between Iran on one side and the Arab Gulf states (with or without Israel) on the other.

That’s not really a big risk either, but the Arab Gulf states in particular worry aloud about it, and to some extent they have convinced themselves that it truly is a threat. They hope that they would have Israel’s support in such a war, since in military terms Israel is the region’s dwarf superpower.

Netanyahu’s government hates and says it fears Iran, so it probably would help the Arabs in the end. However, it would be a much more convincing deterrent to Iran if these putative Arab and Israeli allies were actually seen together in public occasionally. That’s the main reason for the Gulf states to go beyond the furtive relationship they have hitherto had with Israel.

What’s in it for Netanyahu? A peace treaty with another Arab state is a feather in the cap of any Israeli prime minister, but this deal also neatly gets him out of the promise he made to right-wing Israeli voters in the last election to annex much or all of the occupied territories.

Annexation would be purely symbolic, since Israel has already ruled all that land for the past 53 years, but he still needed an excuse to renege on his promise. The UAE deal is the perfect excuse: he can say he had to cancel annexing the Palestinian territories because Israel’s new partners in the Gulf would be so upset that they’d walk away from the deal.

Netanyahu insists that annexation is only postponed, assuring Israelis that it is “still on the table.” Donald Trump says “they agreed not to do it. This is a very smart concession by Israel. It is off the table now.” “Long-term” for both of these men is reckoned in months, so they have no idea how irrelevant all this diplomatic fine-tuning will seem in retrospect.

The old Middle East is living through its final years. Across the Arab world every power relationship has been defined by oil wealth for the past two generations, and now the wealth is fading fast. Eight years ago the Arab oil-producing states were making a trillion dollars a year from their exports. Today their oil revenue is down by two-thirds ($300 billion), and it will fall further.

The coronavirus has accelerated this decline, but demand and prices have both been trending down for quite a while, and the growing unpopularity of fossil fuels in a rapidly warming world guarantees there will be no reversal of the trend.

Saudi Arabia and the UAE still have large cash reserves, but some of the smaller oil-states are running out of money right now. Economic devastation will be followed by political collapse: even the map of the Middle East may look quite different in 10 or 20 years’ time.

And who will emerge from the wreckage as the sole big powers of the Middle East? Only the two countries with fully modern and diversified economies and little dependence on oil revenues: Israel and Turkey.

Funny how things turn out, isn’t it?

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peiganman

Yup, two-state solution is still dead. ‘Ol Dyer is about as sharp as they come. Only a leftist can criticize good news like this… If Barack, Hillary, or Joe, had done the same Gwynnie baby would be shouting it from the rooftops and exulting their brilliant statesmanship and deep commitment to making the middle east safer for all. But instead, we’ve gotta listen to more of his invective for Trump. I swear, if Trump saved a child from drowning in the ocean we’d be reading an opinion piece in the herald the next week about how Trump is starving the sharks.
The two-state solution is still dead because the Arabs/Palestinians have killed two-state peace deals five times! 1) In 1936 when the Peel Commission recommended dividing disputed territories between the Jews and the Arabs, giving 80% of said territory to the Arabs, they said ‘No.’ 2) In 1947 the UN decided that the best way to resolve the conflict was to divide the land. The UN voted to create two states, which the Jews accepted. Again, the Arabs rejected it, and they did so by launching an all-out war. 3) After decisively winning the six days war (which the surrounding Arab nations started) in 1967 the Knesset pondered negotiating with land they captured to sue for peace. Soon after the Arab League met in Sudan and declared: No peace with Israel. No recognition of Israel. No negotiations with Israel. Again, a two-state solution was dismissed by the Arabs. 4 & 5) In 2000, Prime Minister Ehud Barak was basically given the middle finger by Arafat after offering a two-state solution and then in 2008 there was a repeat between Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas.
So, Mr Dyer might want to take a look on the other side of the of this issue and offer some ‘encouragement’ there. The evidence seems to point to the Palestinian side as the ones who have killed the two-state solution and kept it dead. Those taking strides to try and revive it maybe should be given a little credit, even if you’re not impressed.

Dogknox

I agree with you… I only wish Canada would also move our embassy to Jerusalem, sitting on a fence does nothing to solve this issue.